Saturday, 16 June 2012

Peso da Régua city! The Douro Valley, Portugal.

Douro is one of the world’s famous wine rivers, with spectacular landscape and fabulous wines. Here, in this dramatic and beautiful landscape in northern Portugal, grapes are grown on steep, terraced slopes. One can only marvel at the dedication of the people growing wine in this region. The climate is dry and hot, very hot in summer, and the grapes are picked perfectly ripe. These grapes will be made into port wine, but not only. Peso da Regua, commonly known as Regua, is a municipality in northern Portugal, in the district of Vila Real. With a total area of 94.9 km2, extended over 12 parishes, its population included 17,987 inhabitants (of which approximately 10,000 are in the city of Regua). Peso da Regua was inhabited by Roman and barbarian invasions during the early part of the settled history. Its name, as historians have suggested, developed from a few places: first, the name Vila Reggula a Roman estate that at one time existed near the historic centre; others suggest it originated from the word recua (the ships that plyed the waters along the Douro); or derived the word reguengo (a designation for lands that were attributed to the monarchy). Peso da Regua may also have its origin in the word regra (English: rule), alluding to the hereditary rights of descendents achieved through forals. This theory is based on the donated of lands by Counts Henrique and Hugo in 1093, which were transferred to Egas Moniz. It is likely that this rule gave origin to the word Regoa, and later Regua. In relation to the first word, Peso, there are two opinions on its origin: the first, defends the it was derived from the place where the weighing of goods existed, or where taxes were levied; or, secondly, that the word was probably used to define the placed where animals were fed (Portuguese: pensado), or Penso.

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